, Edward Ii

boy silhouette
Edward II
b: 25 APR 1284
d: 21 SEP 1327
Edward II had few of the qualities that made a successful medieval king.Edward surrounded himself with favourites (the best known being a Gascon,Piers Gaveston), and the barons, feeling excluded from power, rebelled.Throughout his reign, different baronial groups struggled to gain powerand control the King. The nobles'' ordinances of 1311, which attemptedto limit royal control of finance and appointments, were counteracted byEdward. Large debts (many inherited) and the Scots'' victory atBannockburn by Robert the Bruce in 1314 made Edward more unpopular.
Edward''s victory in a civil war (1321-2) and such measures as the 1326ordinance (a protectionist measure which set up compulsory markets orstaples in 14 English, Welsh and Irish towns for the wool trade) did notlead to any compromise between the King and the nobles. Finally, in1326, Edward''s wife, Isabella of France, led an invasion against herhusband. In 1327 Edward was made to renounce the throne in favour of hisson Edward (the first time that an anointed king of England had beendethroned since Ethelred in 1013). Edward II was later murdered atBerkeley Castle. [Royal]
  • 25 APR 1284 - Birth -
  • 21 SEP 1327 - Death -
  • From 1307 to 1327 - Reign - King of the English
  • 1327 - Dethroned - the first time that an anointed king of England had been dethroned since Ethelred in 1013
Henry III
1 OCT 1207 - 16 NOV 1272
Edward I
17 JUN 1239 - 7 JUL 1307
Edward II
25 APR 1284 - 21 SEP 1327
Eleanor of Castile
ABT 1245 - 1290
Family Group Sheet - Child
PARENT (M) Edward I
Birth17 JUN 1239Westminster
Death7 JUL 1307 en route at Burgh on Sands
MarriageABT 1254to Eleanor of Castile at Spain
Marriageto Margaret of France
FatherHenry III
MotherEleanor of Provence
PARENT (F) Eleanor of Castile
BirthABT 1245
MarriageABT 1254to Edward I at Spain
FatherFerdinand III of Castile
MotherJoan, Countess of Ponthieu
MEdward II
Birth25 APR 1284
Death21 SEP 1327
Marriageto Isabella of France
FJoan of England
Marriageto Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Gloucester
Marriageto Ralph de Monthermer, 1st Baron Monthermer
Family Group Sheet - Spouse
PARENT (M) Edward II
Birth25 APR 1284
Death21 SEP 1327
Marriageto Isabella of France
FatherEdward I
MotherEleanor of Castile
PARENT (F) Isabella of France
Marriageto Edward II
FatherPhilip IV of France
MotherJeanne of Navarre
MEdward III
Birth13 NOV 1312
Death21 JUN 1377Sheen Palace, Surrey
Marriageto Philippa of Hainault
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