, Edward Iii

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Edward III
b: 13 NOV 1312
d: 21 JUN 1377
Edward III was 14 when he was crowned King and assumed government in hisown right in 1330. In 1337, Edward created the Duchy of Cornwall toprovide the heir to the throne with an income independent of thesovereign or the state. An able soldier, and an inspiring leader, Edwardfounded the Order of the Garter in 1348.
At the beginning of the Hundred Years War in 1337, actual campaigningstarted when the King invaded France in 1339 and laid claim to the throneof France. Following a sea victory at Sluys in 1340, Edward overranBrittany in 1342 and in 1346 he landed in Normandy, defeating the FrenchKing, Philip VI, at the Battle of Crécy and his son Edward (the BlackPrince) repeated his success at Poitiers (1356). By 1360 Edwardcontrolled over a quarter of France. His successes consolidated thesupport of the nobles, lessened criticism of the taxes, and improvedrelations with Parliament. However, under the 1375 Treaty of Bruges theFrench King, Charles V, reversed most of the English conquests; Calaisand a coastal strip near Bordeaux were Edward''s only lasting gain.
Failure abroad provoked criticism at home. The Black Death plagueoutbreaks of 1348-9, 1361-2 and 1369 inflicted severe social dislocation(the King lost a daughter to the plague) and caused deflation; severelaws were introduced to attempt to fix wages and prices. In 1376, the''Good Parliament'' (which saw the election of the first Speaker torepresent the Commons) attacked the high taxes and criticised the King''sadvisers. The ageing King withdrew to Windsor for the rest of his reign,eventually dying at Sheen Palace, Surrey. [Royal]
  • 13 NOV 1312 - Birth -
  • 21 JUN 1377 - Death - ; Sheen Palace, Surrey
  • From 1327 to 1377 - Reign - King of England
Edward I
17 JUN 1239 - 7 JUL 1307
Edward II
25 APR 1284 - 21 SEP 1327
Eleanor of Castile
ABT 1245 - 1290
Edward III
13 NOV 1312 - 21 JUN 1377
Family Group Sheet - Child
PARENT (M) Edward II
Birth25 APR 1284
Death21 SEP 1327
Marriageto Isabella of France
FatherEdward I
MotherEleanor of Castile
PARENT (F) Isabella of France
Marriageto Edward II
FatherPhilip IV of France
MotherJeanne of Navarre
MEdward III
Birth13 NOV 1312
Death21 JUN 1377Sheen Palace, Surrey
Marriageto Philippa of Hainault
Family Group Sheet - Spouse
Birth13 NOV 1312
Death21 JUN 1377 Sheen Palace, Surrey
Marriageto Philippa of Hainault
FatherEdward II
MotherIsabella of France
PARENT (F) Philippa of Hainault
Marriageto Edward III
FatherWilliam I, Count of Hainaut
MotherJoan of Valois, Countess of Hainaut
MJohn of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster
Birth6 MAR 1340
Death3 FEB 1399
Marriageto Blanche
Marriageto Constance of Castile, Duchess of Lancaster
Marriageto Katherine Swynford
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